India finally made a history by inserting the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Mars Orbiter, Mangalyaan in the Mars orbit which is famously known as Red planet. The spotlight eventually shifted towards the same after Nasa’s safe insertion of the Maven spacecraft to the Mars orbit. It is India’s first interplanetary mission which was due to slip in on Tuesday night and there has been no nation which was fully successful in inserting the spacecraft on their first try itself. There have been around 3 dozen attempts made out of which half being failed.
The first Indian mission to Mars is finally being successful with major objectives. One of the objectives is to develop all the necessary technologies which are required in for management, planning, operations and designing of any interplanetary mission. This mission has technological and scientific objectives associated with it.
Technological objectives include mission planning as well as management along with navigation and deep space communication. It also includes incorporating few autonomous features in order to handle eventuality situations. Scientific objectives include exploration of Mars surface mineralogy as well as morphology and features along with Martian atmosphere through various endemic scientific instruments.
World’s Cheapest Mission
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi said that Indian scientists achieved their mission in the minimal cost on the very first try which even foreign scientists sometimes fail at. He broadcasted about the cost-effective nature of the ISRO mission because with its successful insertion India became the first nation for the successful Mars mission in the very first attempt. Furthermore, ISRO scientists are also working on various new missions but their main focus would be always on developing new technologies for navigational as well as commercial satellite applications.
What Mangalyaan will do in Red Planet, Mars?
India finally placed Mangalyaan successfully into the Mars Orbit. But what exactly Mangalyaan will do in Red planet? So here we are with few accomplishments which ISRO hopes about their findings on the same.
- The successful insertion of Mangalyaan to Mars orbit will definitely help the ISRO scientists in developing necessary technologies which are required in managing, planning, operating and designing the interplanetary mission. This is the main technological objective of the mission.
- Other key scientific objective of this Indian mission is to look out for Methane on the red planet which will help people someday to go and live on Mars. Methane will help in determining the possibility of life on the planet and further it will also determine some microbes which might exists on it.
- The Mangalyaan spacecraft will take pictures of the Martian surface in order to check and determine about the water which might be on the surface once because it is widely believed by people as this planet have large ice reserves without any water bodies. If water presence is being detected on Mars by Mangalyaan, then this red planet will be famously known to have a life-giving liquid.
What is the future after Mangalyaan?
After the successful insertion of Mangalyaan, what is the future? Soon, Astrosat will be launched which is a dedicated satellite scheduled to launch in 2014 by PSLV along with GSLV Mk III which will help ISRO to be self reliant in order to launch heavy communication satellites. Chandrayaan-2 is set to launch which show the ISROs capability about will soft-land on various lunar surfaces which will be fully demonstrated in this mission itself. There are many such planned missions which were expected after the successful launch of Mangalyaan and now we just have to wait for them to launch.
What are your views about this first Indian successful mission, Mangalyaan?