The Indian space programs have soared heights since last decades as the result of drastic improvements in the technology. The Asian giant has marked its presence on the global level as the result of these successful launches and has become a stalwart in the segment.
The satellites launched by the government have made the people’s life cozier and easier and has provided them a reason to proud be an Indian. These satellites have improved the communication, GPS, weather forecast and other important sectors of the country, which are responsible for its growth as a fast developing country.
Here is the list of the top 10 satellites launched by the Indian government in the span of last 3-4 years.
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
The IRNSS satellite is used of the improved navigation system for the users and has been developed by India only. The satellite was launched on 04/04/2014 from the Sriharikota Space Station, India.
The important applications the IRNSS are as follows.
- Information about timing, disasters, vehicle tracking and fleets.
- Navigation for hikers, travelers and marines.
- Smartphone integration and mapping of terrains.
- Audio and video navigation for the drivers.
It is most anticipated program of the Indian space department and first of its kind by and Asian country. The Mars orbiter mission was launched on the 05/11/2013 with the following aims to be completed.
- Observation of Mars terrain.
- Seeking the availability of water and life.
- Providing the information about the atmosphere.
- Sending the photos and other data about the Mars structure and environment.
INSAT – 3D
The INSAT – 3D is a next generation weather satellite from the ISRO which was launched on 26/07/2013 with the below ambitions.
- Improved meteorological information.
- Keeping an eye on the land and water surfaces.
- Monitoring the changes in the atmosphere’s temperature, humidity, pressure and other aspects of the enhanced forecast.
Satellite with Argos and Altika (SARAL)
The SARAL satellite is a joint venture of Indian and French government, which was launched on the 25/02/2013 to fulfill the following needs of the two nations.
- Detailed ocean studies.
- Performing altimetric activities for the water circulation in the oceans.
- To measure the activities regarding the ocean and sea surface elevation.
RISAT – 1
The RISAT – 1 one of the radar satellite, which was launched on the 26/04/2012 to complete the below things.
- To improve the remote sensing.
- To improve the image of the earth’s surface during the whole day.
- To improve the working of remote sensing under all weather conditions.
The Jugnu nano satellite was developed by the IIT, Kanpur with the help of ISRO and get launched on 12/10/2011 to provide the below facilities.
- To test image processing algorithms.
- To develop the camera system for clicking the earth and IR region.
- To calculate the use of GPS on the behalf of users.
- To develop the inertial measurement unit system in space.
The SRMSat is also a kind of nano satellite which also gets launched on the same date as of Jugnu, that is, 12/10/2011 for the following purposes.
- To let the government know about the global warming and pollution of the atmosphere.
- Monitoring the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O) in the environment.
- Observing the absorption of the spectrum between the ranges of 900nm-1700nm IR.
Mega-Tropiques is also an Indo-French joint program which gets launched on the 12/10/2011 to study the following the phenomenon for the two nations.
- Water and Energy cycles in tropical regions.
- Deep study of the properties which affects the tropical weather.
- Observation of tropical weather over the change in energy and moisture in the atmosphere.
- Study of condensed clouds and water vapor, evaporation, precipitation and others.
The Indo – Russian program for the undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students of the both countries was launched on the 20/04/2011 with the following mission.
- Investigation of the composition of the upper surface of the earth.
- Experimentation regarding the energy of the earth’s crust.
- To understand the dynamics of the earth surface.
RESOURCESAT – 2
The RESOURCESAT – 2 is the successor if the first mission and is a remote sensing satellite which was launched on the 20/04/2011 with the following tasks.
- Provide details about the multispectral and spatial coverage.
- It is intended to enhance the remote sensing.
- It has improved the spectral swath from 23 KM to 70 KM.
The Indian space mission has seen the high improvements which meet the world-class level and criteria. The satellites have produced the world-class information and data for the Indian governments to contribute to the world space programs.